Setting course for inclusive urban growth requires a focus on key results areas at the city and intergovernmental level. Well-governed cities enable practical, time-bound actions to be taken to transform the urban spatial form, which in turn will enable more inclusive, productive and sustainable cities to be built over time, and contribute to faster and more inclusive economic growth. At the intergovernmental level, the alignment of policy, fiscal, regulatory and support mechanisms will create an enabling environment for city transformation to achieve these economic impacts.
Use the interactive diagram below to get more information about the CSP programme:- Well Governed Cities- Inclusive Cities, Productive Cities, Sustainable Cities- Economic Growth and Reduction of Poverty- Core City Governance, Human Settlement, Public Transport, Economic Development, Climate Resilience
The creation of inclusive, productive and sustainable cities relies critically on our cities being well-governed, by municipalities, within the system of intergovernmental relations, and in partnership with the private sector and communities.
A sustainable city is characterised by growing investment in resource efficient and sustainable urban infrastructure and where there is increasing mitigation of, and adaptive capacity to deal with the impacts of climate change. This is done in such a way to create jobs and social benefits at the same time as improving environmental management. It is again characterised by denser urban settlements that have lower carbon emissions per capita partly because they are more efficient in terms of transport, energy and infrastructure services. It requires that cities mobilise required resources from many different sources and leverage their own limited contributions within the rather complex environment of climate finance arrangements (including contributions from national and international agencies and through private-public partnerships).
A productive city is one where the spatial form and functioning of the city enables and encourages economic activity and where the cost of doing business is competitive.
An inclusive city is one in which all residents are able to participate in its economic and social opportunities. It means that there is better physical access to such opportunities (through proximity and mobility provided through a more efficient and integrated transport system). It requires acceleration in providing new housing options, and far greater social diversity (through more mixed-income, mixed-use, inclusionary forms of development with more diverse housing options). It requires the development of higher quality and safer residential environments, with public services and recreational amenities within easy reach. Higher population densities across the city are required to achieve this, particularly in well-located, zones with integrated land uses (“integration zones”) around transport hubs and corridors.
The objective of this component is to support city governments to effectively and efficiently design and implement a programme of urban spatial transformation, based on the Urban Networks Strategy. The focus of this component is on strengthening the core transversal aspects of city management that are critical to the development of inclusive, productive and sustainable cities. This emphasis on cross-cutting programmes is designed to support and leverage outputs in other programme components (human settlements, transport, climate resilience and economic development) towards the desired CSP outcomes. This component is thus the key instrument through which activities are integrated, and cross-cutting capacity constraints addressed.
The Core City Governance Component has four sub-components:
a. Vision and leadership
b. Spatial planning
c. Infrastructure finance reform
d. Infrastructure delivery
The objective of the Human Settlements Support component is to support cities to ensure the availability of affordable accommodation at scale for all their residents, within more inclusionary, integrated and efficient human settlements. This requires cities to effectively consolidate their new human settlements management functions and to support the expansion of an affordable, efficient and inclusionary urban property market. It will contribute to a more inclusive and diverse city through:
a. Creating an enabling environment through property markets & land which focuses on better understanding property markets as a driver of economic growth;
b. Providing cities with implementation support for upgrading of informal settlements
c. Improving the performance of fiscal instruments by focusing on rental housing options, grants and subsidies, incentivising the private sector to increase participation in affordable housing in better-located areas, and piloting demand side subsidy instruments.
d. Land availability support to facilitate the release of strategic public land and review the regulatory environment for land use management
The objective of the Public Transport Support component is to assist cities to enhance urban mobility, boost public transport ridership volumes and alter land use patterns to support sustainable and pro-poor public transport systems. The component has three areas of focus.
a. Creating a national legislative, institutional and policy environment conducive to the development of favourable city public transport systems.
b. Efficient and effective planning, construction and operation of city public transport systems in order to provide value for money and offer transport services to the most deserving citizens.
c. Public transport systems as drivers of spatial change, in order to improve efficiencies in our poorly integrated cities.
The objective of the Economic Development component is to provide transversal support to city governments to refocus their economic development activities on increased formal economic activity and the facilitation of livelihood opportunities.
This component will contribute to these objectives through:
a. Assisting city governments to deepen their analysis of local economies
b. Support to the development and implementation of city economic strategies
c. Reforms to national economic policy and practice
d. Maximising opportunities for job creation
The objective of this component is to assist cities to scale up their climate adaptation and mitigation interventions through leveraging available global funds and accessing global experience and expertise. It will focus on approaches to mainstream climate resilience and sustainability issues across the major infrastructure sectors managed at city level, (viz, water and sanitation services, electricity distribution, solid waste management and drainage and public transport, as well as improving municipal performance in core environmental areas such as air quality management, open space management, environmental planning, regulation and governance).
The creation of inclusive, productive and sustainable cities requires the form of our cities to be transformed from their current fragmented, exclusive and low density spatial form to a more compact and integrated one based on transit oriented development (TOD) principles. The Urban Network Strategy (UNS) is an articulation of this approach with its focus on integration zones where public investment is targeted (catalytic projects) and private investment incentivised.
While much work has be done towards the creation of such cities, a second-generation effort is needed which uses project-based investments to show the way. This will allow for the creation of an empirical base to illustrate how catalytic projects, located within integration zones of cities and supported by enabling institutional and planning environments, can transform our cities.
This component strengthens the implementation capabilities of cities with regards to environmental management and climate change resilience. It will also provide support to national departments to play a facilitatory and support role to cities. The detailed design of this component is currently being reappraised.
Focus on approaches to mainstream climate resilience and sustainability issues across the major infrastructure sectors managed at city level, (viz, water and sanitation services, electricity distribution, solid waste management and drainage and public transport, as well as improving municipal performance in core environmental areas such as air quality management, open space management, environmental planning, regulation and governance).